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GROOMING YOUR POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG Every PON puppy should be brushed on a regular basis to get him or her used to the experience.  It is a good idea to start when they are young, getting them used to bathing, brushing and drying.  You might want to consider brushing for a few minutes every day, getting your PON accustomed to lying still.  He should learn this is a pleasant experience.  Another good habit is to get your puppy used to having his feet and toes held.  Eventually, somebody will be trimming or grinding his toenails.  You can start by holding each toe for a few seconds, and repeating this every day or so.  If your PON goes to the grooming salon, the groomer will appreciate your efforts in familiarizing your PON with the grooming process.  If you are the one who maintains your PON, you will be glad you spent the time patiently teaching your puppy about the grooming experience. If you are going to keep your PON in a puppy or “Summer” clip, you still need to do routine brushing to keep the coat free of debris such as grass, weeds, flower blooms, all things that tend to stick to your PON’s coat, and keeping the coat free of mats.  If you are not taking your PON to a groomer on a regular basis, you also need to keep the ears clean and free of debris, and keep the toenails trimmed.  Some PONs require more frequent bathing than others, and there are differing viewpoints on the required frequency of bathing. If you want to keep your PON in a full or show coat, you need to be prepared to thoroughly brush at least once a week.  Some PONs need to be brushed more frequently, and others can be brushed every 2 weeks.  Just be certain to keep the coat mat free, regardless of how frequently you need to brush.  NEVER BATHE A MATTED COAT.  If you are going to maintain a show coat, a good dryer will be indispensible.  There are many good dryers available, though many are quite pricey.  You can start drying your puppy’s coat with a regular hair dryer on a cooler setting, getting the PON used to the experience of being dried.  Once the coat becomes more profuse and your PON becomes larger, a dog dryer will probably be considered a necessity.  To keep the PON coat in its best condition, you need a good pin brush (or 2 or 3).  The bristles should not be too stiff or harsh.  Brushes without ‘balls’ on the tips tend to be gentler on the coat.  You also need combs, preferably the ones with both a fine tooth and a coarser tooth.  Another good brush is a wooden bristle brush (such as the one by Chris Christensen).  The important thing is to remove as little hair as possible while still keeping the coat mat and tangle free, making sure that you are grooming the full length of the hair from the skin to the tips of the hair.  It is a good idea to keep a sprayer with diluted conditioner or a special conditioning product to spritz on the hair as you brush and comb to help minimize breaking the coat.  One method of being sure you brush the entire coat is to brush the leg starting at the foot and working up.  Make sure there are no little mats forming between the toes.  Then brush from the topline of the dog down to the belly.  Pay careful attention to the areas of the ‘armpits’ which are prone to matting because of friction in that area.  Brush the entire chest by starting in the area between the front legs and working up to the chin.  Brush the face using caution around the area of the eyes, and being sure to brush the entire area beneath the ears, another area where mats are frequently a problem.  Make sure you have brushed the entire neck area and the top of the head. Eventually, despite your most dedicated efforts, you will encounter the dreaded mat.  Mats take time and patience, but unless the dog has been allowed to become completely matted, you can usually remove the mats by carefully spreading the mat apart with your fingertips, working it into smaller sections and then carefully combing.  Patience is needed with mats as removing mats will take time.  If the coat is badly matted, it may take several days to completely remove all mats.  There are many good products available to help with removing mats, and you can use baby powder with cornstarch, or plain cornstarch which will help when you try to comb through the mat itself.  If using one of the commercially available products, read the instructions carefully.  If using cornstarch or baby powder, carefully massage the powder into the mat by working the hair between your thumb and fingertips.  Working with a comb, begin to clear the mat by combing first from the end of the hair and working your way back to the skin.  Never ‘rip” chunks of hair from your PON.  If this method fails, and you still have a mat, you can carefully scissor lengthwise through the mat.  Never cut the hair crosswise, shortening the hair. Remember, if you do not get the mat removed completely, it will inevitably just get worse.  Scissoring behind the legs or under the ears is less noticeable and might be considered helpful because these are sensitive areas.  Remember, if you are showing your PON, he needs to be in his natural coat without scissoring, so you need to use scissors in only the most extreme situations. Once your PON has been completely brushed, you are ready to bathe.  You may want to place cotton balls in the ears to keep water or shampoo from getting into the ear canal.  Use a good quality shampoo, being sure to completely rinse without leaving any residue.  Using a conditioner is a personal preference, based on the coat of your PON.  If you use a conditioner, be sure it is also completely rinsed.  Shampoo or conditioners left in the coat tend to result in matting more easily and may result in skin irritation.  There are conditioners which can be sprayed on after the bath that are not designed to be rinsed.  Be sure to read the label instructions thoroughly.  Once you have thoroughly rinsed the coat, you should blot the coat thoroughly, squeezing the coat firmly to remove as much excess water as possible.  Do not rub the coat as this may cause tangles.  After blotting the coat as much as possible, you may leave the PON to air dry for awhile or you can move him to a grooming table for drying.  Drying will take less time if you have allowed the coat to dry somewhat before you begin the drying process.  When ready to dry your PON, place him/her on the grooming table and once again, start drying one section at a time, making sure the coat is dry and free of mats.  Again, pay careful attention to the area around and beneath the ears and the areas where the legs join the body as these are areas that are most prone to matting and are sometimes more difficult to dry thoroughly.  This will give you a great opportunity to check the skin for any signs of irritation, as the dryer separates the hair exposing the skin.  Be careful not to get the dryer too hot or too close to the skin while drying.  After your PON is thoroughly dried, you should carefully trim the excess hair between the pads of the feet.  You can trim the hair by using small blunt-end scissors or you can use electric clippers, being careful not to trim hair above the toes.  You should also shorten the toenails either by using a good nail clipper or using a grinding tool such as a Dremel. At some time in the grooming process, you should carefully clean the ears, being sure the inside of the ear does not retain any moisture. Your veterinarian may recommend using a special solution to dry any retained moisture within the ear itself.  You should also remove any excess hair from within the ear itself.   For maintaining the coat during times when you are not showing, you might want to consider putting your dog in a heavier conditioner or using a spray-in oil mixture next to the skin.  Most mats will occur close to the skin.  The oil will help prevent matting and will also help protect a coat, especially if it tends to be dry or brittle.   You can prepare an oil mixture by mixing one part conditioning rinse, eight parts water and a drop or two of lanolin.  If you are going to spray an oil mixture onto the skin, you should dry the coat completely while brushing without brushing the oil to the tips of the coat where it will likely cause the coat to collect more dirt.  If you choose to put this oil mixture on the skin and coat, you will need to bathe thoroughly before going to a show. Ask other PON owners for hints on grooming and grooming equipment.  Most will gladly share tips they have learned along the way.
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